Disciplina e garanzie: alle origini dell’attuale Csm
N. 4, OTTOBRE-DICEMBRE
LA MAGISTRATURA ITALIANA TRA ETA' LIBERALE E FASCISMO
Discipline and guarantees: the origins of the present CSM
The beginning of the 20th century (1907-1908) saw a dramatic shift in the relationship between politics and justice. With Vittorio Emanuele Orlando as minister of Justice, Italian judges were now formally guaranteed by a system of rules for careers and discipline: the Consiglio superiore della magistratura (CSM) was created in 1907, and the Suprema corte disciplinare in 1908. But the trend in the relationship was still affected by many factors of the previous model, as occurred with the strong interplay between the high judiciary and politicians, and the hierarchical framework that always characterized the entire structure. However, something changed in those years: the new union of judges (Associazione generale dei magistrati italiani) and the new rules produced the first signs of a different role for the judiciary.