La «Grande Russia» tra nazionalismo e neoslavismo: l’imperialismo liberale russo come risposta alla crisi patriottica (1907-1909)

ANNO 53 2012
N. 3, LUGLIO-SETTEMBRE
Giovanna Cigliano


Liberal imperialism as a response to the patriotic crisis (1907-1909)
Following The «patriotic crisis» provoked in the Tsarist Empire by the defeat in the war with Japan, the 1905-7 Revolution, and the national mobilization in the non-Russian peripheries, gave a powerful stimulus to the rise of Russian nationalism. New trends of liberal imperialism and national liberalism took shape in a well-defined political area – the right wing of the Kadet Party and the Party of Peaceful Renewal – and were represented by such figures as Grigorij and Evgenij Trubeckoj, Petr Struve, and Sergej Kotljarevskij. The chief points in their political and cultural agenda were an emphasis on inter-Slav cooperation as a crucial factor in a Russian anti-German foreign policy reoriented towards the Balkans and the Near East; a new priority given to the settlement of the Polish question, as compared with the polonophobia of the nationalist Right; and an urgent call for «true patriotism» and national cohesion as essential conditions for a rebirth of Russia as a Great Power. The essay approaches this little explored topic focusing mainly on the liberal imperialists’ contribution to the debates about «Great Russia» and the Russian «national face» and their involvement in the Neo-Slavic movement.


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