Il diritto fascista e la persecuzione degli ebrei

ANNO 52 2011
Aldo Mazzacane

Fascist law and the persecution of the Jews
The article describes the various racist tendencies in Italy in the first half of the 20th century and the implementation of racist legislation in 1938-1939. Mussolini’s contradictory policies prior to 1938, the trends in his party, the development of a racist campaign in literature and the press, and the role of jurists are analyzed. Translating the notion of «race» into juridical language was very difficult for lawyers, because the scientific and normative system of Italian law was founded upon different concepts. The experience in the colonies allowed doctrines against the Jews to be gradually developed and then adopted in the metropolitan area. In that sense, juridical science had a sort of continuity apart from changes in political decisions, which destroyed everyday life for Jews in Italy, before they were exterminated by the Nazis and their Fascist allies.


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