Pci, sinistra cattolica e politica estera (1972-1973)
N. 2, APRILE-GIUGNO
PCI, the Catholic Left, and foreign policy (1972-1973)
During détente in the early Seventies, the idea of gradually overcoming the military blocs appeared on the international scene. In Italy, the PCI and the Catholic Left were major players in this endeavour. Moreover, the Vietnam War paved the way for a sort of parallel diplomacy, in which the Vatican and the PCI played an important role. Meanwhile, Berlinguer’s proposal emerged of a Europe that was «neither anti-Soviet nor anti-American ». The economic crisis sharpened competition between the United States and the EEC, strengthening the idea of an autonomous European initiative among Catholic leaders as well. Chile’s golpe reinforced, within the PCI, the strategy of large alliances. Lastly, the energy crisis highlighted the problem of the «development model» and allowed further convergences with the Catholic Left to emerge. Foreign policy thus remained a delicate subject, but was at the same time a remarkable element in the concept of compromesso storico.